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Journal Articles Journal of Lightwave Technology Year : 2009

Strain and Temperature Sensing Characteristics of Single mode-Multi mode-Single mode Structures

Abstract

We present a comprehensive study of the strain and temperature sensing characteristics of single mode-multimode- single mode (SMS) structures based on the modal interference of guided modes of graded index multimode fiber (MMF) section spliced in between two single mode fibers. A detailed theoretical study of the structures in terms of the refractive index distribution, effect of dopant and their concentrations, and the variation of core diameter has been carried out. Our study shows that for the SMS structure with GeO2 doped MMF there exists a critical wavelength on either side of which the spectrum shows opposite spectral shift with change in temperature/strain, whereas for structures with P2O5 doped MMF it shows monotonic red shift with increasing temperature/strain. It has been found that the critical wavelength shifts towards higher wavelengths with decreasing ‘q' value/doping concentration. Using different MMFs both the red and blue spectral shifts have been observed experimentally. It has also been found that SMS structure has higher sensitivity toward this critical wavelength. The study should find application in designing strain insensitive high sensitive temperature sensors or vice versa.
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Dates and versions

ujm-00356320 , version 1 (27-01-2009)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : ujm-00356320 , version 1

Cite

Saurabh Mani Tripathi, Arun Kumar, Ravi K. Varshney, Y. Bala Pavan Kumar, Emmanuel Marin, et al.. Strain and Temperature Sensing Characteristics of Single mode-Multi mode-Single mode Structures. Journal of Lightwave Technology, 2009, 27, pp.1. ⟨ujm-00356320⟩
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