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Conference Papers Year : 2016

Numerical modeling of femtosecond laser induced nanostructuring in glass

Anton Rudenko
Jean-Philippe Colombier
Tatiana Itina


Femtosecond laser nanoprocessing allows imprinting periodic subwavelength polarization-dependent nanostructures in fused silica and few other glasses [1]. The mechanism of their organization is still far from being completely understood [2]. Recently, transient nanoplasmonics model has been proposed to explain the growth of nanoplasmas perpendicular to the laser polarization due to localized inhomogeneous multiphoton ionization [3]. Numerical modeling showed that initial nanometric inhomogeneities were required to start the process [4]. However, the influence of laser parameters such as irradiation wavelength, laser pulse energy, number of pulses and laser polarization on the nanostructure characteristics has not been investigated previously Figure 1 Electron density snapshot at the end of the pulse duration 240 fs (FWHM) shows quasi-periodic nanogratings elongated perpendicular to the laser polarization from initially random inhomogeneities. Corresponding Fourier Transform (FT) of the image reveals the nanograting periodicity close to half the laser wavelength in glass. The pulse energy is fixed to E = 500 nJ. The irradiation wavelength is 800 nm in air. The electron density is normalized to its critical value at 800 nm. We underline that the self-organization of volume nanogratings can be explained by full-vectorial 3D-Maxwell based approach coupled with the electron density equation to describe the dynamics of ultrashort laser interaction with randomly distributed inhomogeneities embedded in glass. We compare the results of numerical modeling with available experimental data. Particularly, we show that the periodicity strongly depends on the irradiation wavelength and the orientation is defined by the electric field polarization. In terms of laser pulse energy, three regimes of modification experimentally investigated by Taylor et al. [5] are identified. Finally, an explanation of the pulse number effect on the nanograting periodicity is proposed basing on the mechanism of the nonlinear ionization memory [3] and correlation between the concentration of inhomogeneities and the number of pulses. [1] M. Lancry, J. Canning, K. Cook, M. Heili, D. R. Neuville and B. Poumellec, “Nanoscale femtosecond laser milling and control of nanoporosity in the normal and anomalous regimes of GeO2 and SiO2 glasses”, Optical Materials Express, vol. 6, no. 2, (2016). [2] N. Bulgakova, V. Zhukov, S. Sonina, and Y. Meshcheryakov, “Modification of transparent materials with ultrashort laser pulses: What is energetically and mechanically meaningful?”, J. Appl. Phys., vol. 118, 233108, (2015). [3] P. Rajeev, M. Gertsvolf, C. Hnatovsky, E. Simova, R. Taylor, P. Corkum, D. Rayner, and V. Bhardwaj, “Transient nanoplasmonics inside dielectrics”, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys., vol. 40, pp. 273-282, (2007). [4] R. Buschlinger, S. Nolte, and U. Peschel, “Self-organized pattern formation in laser-induced multiphoton ionization”, Phys. Rev. B, Vol. 89, 184306, (2014). [5] R. Taylor, C. Hnatovsky, and E. Simova, “Applications of femtosecond laser induced self-organized planar nanocracks inside fused silica glass”, Laser & Photon. Rev., vol. 2, no. 1-2, pp. 26-46, (2008).
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ujm-01344337 , version 1 (11-07-2016)


  • HAL Id : ujm-01344337 , version 1


Anton Rudenko, Jean-Philippe Colombier, Tatiana Itina. Numerical modeling of femtosecond laser induced nanostructuring in glass. The 17th International Symposium on Laser Precision Microfabrication (LPM2016), Book of abstracts, May 2016, Xi’an, China. ⟨ujm-01344337⟩
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